A PROJECT REPORT ON THE SUBJECT: INTERNATIONAL
RELATIONS AND STRATEGY
BY: ADITI SOMANI
TITLE OF THE
INDIA’S CURRENT GEOPOLITICAL RELATIONS WITH CHINA
motivated for choosing the study
situation and lessons learnt
ISSUES MOTIVATED FOR CHOSING THE STUDY
I chose this topic for study because
as per my vision, India-China relationship is going to be rivalry of the coming decades. The
coming century belongs to India and China. Before the rise of America and USSR,
Europeans used to be the driver of world politics. Then rose the two great powers USA and USSR. They fought
with each other in the power game. But USA has reached its potential now. Russia
is powerful but not as important as it used to be after USSR breakdown. USA is
like a student who scored 99.99 percent marks every year. So it just can’t grow
World judges a country based on the expectations
which is set by its past performance. But India and China are like above
average students who have started to put more efforts and things are going
They have scope to grow and it jumps
from 70 percent to 80 percent and further. China and India will be the two
fastest growing economies in the world. Both are powerful too. Both China and
India will fight to prove their dominance in Asia first and then in the world
through active diplomacy in every international issue.-The role which is
currently performed by USA.
In the coming future the dynamics of
relation between these two countries will have more and more effect on the
ORIGIN AND NATURE
relations, also called Sino-Indian relations, refers to the bilateral relationship between
the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and India. Although the
relationship has been friendly, the countries face border disputes and a there
is a high economic competition between the two countries because of their huge
population and fast growing economies.
relationship began in 1950 when India was among the first countries to end
formal ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan) and recognize the PRC as the legitimate government of Mainland China.
Cultural and economic
relations between China and India date back to ancient times. The Silk Road not only served as a major trade route between India and China, but it also helped in
There have been three
major border conflicts:
Sino-Indian War of 1962,
The Chola incident in 1967
The 1987 Sino-Indian
However, in the late 90s both the countries made
good relations. China became
India’s largest trading partner and the two countries have also extended their
strategic and military relations.
In 2017, these countries
faced the doklam issue.
The nature of
conflicts is basically related to border disputes but there are other issues as well such as:
been opposing India’s entry into the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and
also in the Nuclear Supplier’s Group
been opposing China’s flagship ‘One Belt One Road’ (OBOR)
initiative’, as the ‘China Pakistan Economic
Corridor (CPEC)’, a part of OBOR,
passes through the Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) and this would mean
undermining India’s sovereignty.
critical of India-USA relationship
that Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader, lived in Indiahas been a subject of
tension in India-China relations.
bid to get Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar be declared as a UN- designated
terrorist has been blocked by China again and again.
India–China relations: issues and
According to this study, Since the end of the Cold War and the
end of the Soviet Union, India–China relations have strengthened in various
fields. Apart from this, the boundary issue has seen substantial progress,
although we still don’t know when it will be finally resolved. Despite differences
in the perceptions of New Delhi and Beijing on issues such as India’s Tibet
policy, both countries have enormous potential and opportunities to expand deepen
their trade ties.
China-India Relations in the
Post-Soviet Era: The Continuing Rivalry
study is with respect to the agreement signed by the two countries in 1993 regarding
both the countries respecting the Line of Actual Control. The factors underlying the current
problems, and analysis of Indian and Chinese perspectives on their bilateral
relations is carried out here.
CHINA AND INDIA IN CENTRAL ASIA: A NEW
study concludes that a thaw in
Sino-Indian relations not withstanding, the two sides are balanced for
rivalry for regional dominance and influence in the multipolar world of the
(Malik M. , 2004)
India-China Relations: Giants Stir, Cooperate
study states that both India and China are huge super powers with immense
nuclear powers and they also share a long history of bitter rivalry .The bilateral
relationship between the rising Asian giants could be characterized more by
competition than cooperation. As India and China proceed simultaneously on their
relative power paths, geopolitical equations in Asia are bound to undergo
Great Power ‘Great Game’ between India and China: ‘The Logic of Geography’
study states that the two powerful neighbouring
states-India and China, seek to continue rising, and constrain the others
where necessary through mutual encirclement and alliances.They are coming up
against each other across Asia and its surrounding waters.
2017 marked a
turning point in India-China relations.
If it began with
India taking a strong stance against China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative
(BRI), it ended with China tightening its grip on South Asia. And in between
was the Doklam stand-off which underscored the challenges in this bilateral
The 2017 Doklam issue between India and China
Chinese troops with
construction vehicles and road-building equipment began extending an existing
road southward in Doklam, a territory which is claimed by both China’s well as India’s ally Bhutan. Doklam is an area disputed between
China and Bhutan located near their tri-junction with India.
crisis was as much about China asserting itself vis-à-vis India as it
was about New Delhi’s determination not to cede any more ground to China.
relationship with Pakistan has become stronger.
As the year came
to an end, China’s engagement in India’s neighbourhood seemed to be growing
with the Left Alliance winning in Nepal and the signing of a Free Trade
Agreement between China and the Maldives.
India and China have jointly submitted
proposal to World Trade Organisation (WTO) calling for elimination of most
trade-distorting farm subsidies .
LESSONS LEARNED AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE
possibility of an India-China conflict cannot be ruled out, any kind of
military conflict is not in the interest of any country. The need of the
hour is to realize that our ‘strategic partnership’ could help us both see Asia
emerge as the core of world economy. This dream of ‘India-China Millennium of
Exceptional Synergies’ envisioned by our Prime Minister needs magnanimity and
willingness on the part of both the nations.
B.M.JAIN. (2004). India–China relations: issues and
emerging trends. The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs ,
Malik, J. M. (2009). China-India Relations in the
Post-Soviet Era: The Continuing Rivalry. The China Quarterly, 317-355.
Malik, M. (2004). India-China Relations: Giants Stir,
Cooperate and Compete. ASIA-PACIFIC CENTER FOR SECURITY STUDIES HONOLULU
Sakao?lu, E. T. (2012). CHINA AND INDIA IN CENTRAL ASIA: A
NEW “GREAT GAME”? Orta Asya ve Kafkasya Ara?t?rmalar?, 186-188.
Scott, D. (2008). The Great Power ‘Great Game’ between
India and China: ‘The Logic of Geography’. geopolitics, 1-26.