Effects are much easier to critique without being offensive.

Effects of oppression on Orwell’s work

            At the time, a historical event is a very sensitive and
controversial topic. This creates a situation in which parodying the topic
seems very rude or is frowned upon. However, after time has passed and the
issue is regarded as history, the events are much easier to critique without
being offensive. Such were the circumstances during the Russian Revolution, in
which George Orwell wrote a satire novel called Animal Farm. Orwell’s work was affected negatively in many ways
including industrialization, leaders of the time, and the oppressive social
forces during these events.

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            During the Russian Revolution, industrialization was a
major influence on the government and people, including George Orwell and his
works through the harsh working conditions set by the government.. The novel
depicts industrialization through the form of a windmill, which the animals
created in the story. Snowball, the character who represents Leon Trotsky and a
very influential individual during the time, had many ideas about the future of
the farm, including a “windmill, which could be made to operate a dynamo and
supply the farm with electrical power” (Orwell, 32). These events occurred in
the Russian revolution in which “Alexander II … opened the way for industrial
development” (PAR. 2), which Orwell decided to portray through a windmill since
he could not write about it normally without getting into trouble. Although the
windmill seemed like a good idea, in the end, it was not and Orwell shows that
through the harsh conditions, which the animals faced even after it, was
complete. Snowball tells the whole farm “in glowing sentences about how it
might be when sordid labour was lifted from the animals’ backs” (Orwell 35).

Considering how this was also done in the actual revolution, Orwell had to
write about this in his book, thus making it harder for Orwell to fully tell
the truth to the reader. Overall, the industrialization of Russia during the
revolution had a big impact on the people of Russia and Orwell’s work.

            In addition to the industrialization of Russia, there
were also many leaders during the time of the Russian revolution; the most
prominent and influential were Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Snowball (Leon
Trotsky) wanted success for the farm and the best for all animals which he
could not achieve since he got driven out by Napoleon. In many instances of the
animals gathering, “snowball often won over the majority by his brilliant
speeches” (Orwell, 31) which pushed him to being the better leader. Orwell
writes about Trotsky as a very passive yet assertive leader through his
depiction as Snowball. Along with Trotsky, Joseph Stalin also demonstrated
strong leadership skills but in a different way. Napoleon (Stalin) claimed his
role as leader through sheer force and running Snowball out the farm (Orwell,
35). Orwell wrote of Stalin as an aggressive leader and how his actions
eventually enable him to take control of the country. Joseph Stalin and Leon
Trotsky were the most influential leaders during the revolution due to their
actions and effects.

Along
with the leaders of the time, the oppressive social forces also had a big
effect on Orwell’s work since the government used a lot of propaganda
throughout the revolution. During the industrialization of Russia, workers were
forced to work long hours with minimal pay and harsh working conditions.  In the novel, the animals were in a similar
situation where they were “silent and terrified” and “crept back into the barn”
(Orwell 36). Writing something about this topic, specifically about how
“industrialization concentrated people in urban centers, where the exploited
working class was a receptive audience for radical ideas” (PAR. 2), would have
gotten Orwell in big trouble, forcing him to write differently and affecting
his work. Similarly, Orwell could not write about the reality of his
government, which was not actually trying to help its citizens, but take
advantage of them and their vulnerability, through the use of propaganda. In
the novel, a pig named Squealer continuously scares the working animals on the
farm about Mr. Jones, who represents Czar Nicholas, and how he would come back
if the animals did not continue to work hard and make the windmill (Orwell).

The same thing happened in the real revolution in which Joseph Stalin used a
lot of propaganda through posters and such to instill fear in his citizens,
which created a situation where it was not possible for Orwell to write
anything about the issue without getting into trouble. Overall, the oppressive
social forces affected George Orwell’s work through the use of fear and
propaganda, which led to Orwell writing the novel as a satire.

The
industrialization of Russia, the leaders of the time, and the oppressive social
forces largely affected George Orwell’s work. The industrialization of Russia
created circumstances in which the people were forced to do harsh, manual
labour, which Orwell could not write about without being oppressed by the
government. This government consisted of many leaders, most significant of
which were Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Stalin was the leader that was the
most oppressive of the bunch and could have even gotten Orwell killed if he
told the truth to the rest of the world, compelling Orwell to create a satire
instead. During the time of any historical event, the issue is very profound
and ridiculing or mocking the topic is frowned upon by society.