Henry By displaying such ambivalence it would cause the

Henry Goodcole,an Anglican minister during the Jacobean time and witness of the witch trials, recounts the events regarding Elizabeth Sawyer’s death in his pamphlet, The Wonderfull Discoverie of Elizabeth Sawyer: a Witch.  In order to appear unbiased, Goodcole asserts a sense of skepticism, in such that for the reader to formulate their own opinion. In fact, I argue that this is his own psychological attempt to get the reader to arise to the conclusion that Elizabeth Sawyer was guilty and to prevent retaliation from those who feel she wasn’t given a fair chance to defend herself. He states,”In these I was ashamed to see and heare such ridiculous fictions of her bewitching. Corne on the Ground, of a ferret and an Owle dayly sporting before her, of the bewitched Woman braiding her selfe, of the Spirits attending in the prison: all which I knew to be fitter for the Ale-bench then for a relation of proceedings in the Court of Justice.”(3) By displaying such ambivalence it would cause the reader to think critically. I would conclude that because he is a man of God, he would take the stance against anything that could be potentially evil, especially witch craft. However, when Goodcole accounts the reasons the jury used to indict Sawyer, he appears to sensationalize her characteristics calling her “pale and ghost like without any blood apparent” as well as “deformities in her body”. Through my perspective of reading this, I conclude that she wasn’ given a fair trial especially since she was forced to “confess” through punishment.  Sawyer within the play represents societal pressures and the effect it can have on a person. Within her community she is mistreated and disdained for no apparent reason. She turns into a witch because society makes her one. The topic of witchcraft is often portrayed through women, and  more often than less those that are older and appear to look sickening. However, Stymeist’s argument bases strongly on the fact that during this time period a women’s economic state played an important role in whether or not they would be accused (Stymeist 39). Within the plot after Mother Sawyer had sold her soul to the Devil in the form of a dog she allows him to suck blood from her breasts (2.1.142). This in itself sets the cear stereotypical gender norms for what a witch should look like, and that is feminine. As the play is wrapping up, Sawyer turns herself in, confessing that she has in fact had interactions with the devil and is convicted of “black lust”(4.1.263  ). The playwright’s make it a point to sensationalize the witch’s admission, taking it as far as blaming the female gender for being most susceptible to craving or lust and therefore it is okay to conclude that “all witchcraft comes from carnal lust, which is in women insatiable”(Stymeist 41). However, I disagree with the critic Stymeist that women are insatiable because in Mother Sawyer’s case, she only turned to the devil in the first place as a place of comfort after being fully ostracized from everything she has ever known.  The most effective method in the analysis from where the play has taken us, would be to observe the function of the alternative plot. Despite his interactions with the devil, Thorny attributes most of his issues psychologically more than externally. He struggles in a bigamous relationship, trying to tackle two wives and please different people. It results in the murder of one wife. In actuality Thorny appears very weak minded and easily influenced, while Sawyer is portrayed more masculine in the sense that she composes herself better than Thorney does. In the aspect of character strength, I argue that the stereotypical gender norms were reversed as Thorney appeared more feminine and frail. What really draws him over the edge is his inability to please two people by marrying the people they want him to. Sir Arthur’s ability to manipulate Thorney to marry his pregnant mistress further displays how feeble he is.  Although,  being forced into a  marriage does not justify murder. It is the social pressures in addition to his own psychological issues that trigger Thorney’s insanity and satanic worshiping. Frank Thorney does not have to marry Susan, but he is in fact encouraged to do so by the very father who has wanted to arrange the match, had he not been already married. Frank denies this and goes ahead, choosing to please his father without thinking about what consequences he would face or if it was healthy for his already deteriorating mental health. In addition to the play exploring gender norms in relations to societal pressure and