Q6) Adverse Drug Events – An adverse drug event

Q6)

 

Adverse
Drug Events – An adverse drug
event (ADE) is an injury resulting from medical intervention related to a drug (1). This includes medication errors, adverse drug
reactions, allergic reactions, and overdoses.

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DATA:

inpatient settings, ADEs (2):

1-    
Account for an estimated 1 in 3 of all hospital adverse events

2-    
Affect about 2 million hospital stays each year

Each year, ADEs in outpatient
settings account for:

1-    
Over 3.5 million physician office visits

2-    
An estimated 1 million emergency department visits

3-    
Approximately 125,000 hospital admissions

 

Only 32% of statin
drugs (for example, Zocor, Pravachol, Lipitor, and Crestor) that are prescribed
are taken as the doctor instructed; only 38% of anti-hypertensives (drugs that
lower blood pressure) are taken as instructed (3).

 

INFORMATION:

There is a huge
percent of population (>60%) eating Pharmaceutical drugs wrongly.

 

KNOWLEDGE:

ADE
increasingly becoming one of the main reason for hospital admits and wasting
huge amount of hospital resources and also causes thousands of deaths each year
(770,000 to 2 million) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNDERSTANDING:

Due
to the carelessness of patients not telling the doctor that they are already
taking pills for the same problem or different problem, carelessness of the
doctor not asking the patients necessary questions before prescribing pills,
due to doctors/pharmacists not clearly mentioning to patients, when, how, how
much pills should be taken, all of these results in the ADE huge death toll
each year.

 

WISDOM:

National
Action Plan for ADE Prevention – The
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), in conjunction with
the Federal Interagency Steering Committee and Workgroups for ADEs, led the
development of the ADE Action Plan. This ADE Action Plan seeks to reduce the
ADEs that are most common, clinically significant, preventable, and measurable,
by identifying the federal Government’s Highest priority strategies and
opportunities for advancement. Implementation of these strategies will result
in safer and higher quality health care services, reduced health care costs,
informed and engaged consumers, and ultimately, improved health outcomes (4).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

 

1)      Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS
(Institute of Medicine). To err is human: building a safer health system.

Washington DC: National Academy Press, 2000.

2)      Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://health.gov/hcq/ade.asp#_ftn1.

3)      Roizen, D. (n.d.). How often do people take prescription
drugs incorrectly? | Prescription Drug Adherence. Retrieved January 31, 2018,
from https://www.sharecare.com/health/prescription-drug-medication-adherence/how-take-prescription-drugs-incorrectly.

4)      U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health
Promotion. (2014). National Action Plan for Adverse Drug Event Prevention.

Washington, DC: Author.