SOCA01 begins by posing the question, “Why do achievement

SOCA01 Assignment #2Introduction Education in low income neighborhoods is an ongoing discussion amongst scholars. Attempting to give explanation through various sociological theories of the topic is not a new ideal. Studies of quantitative and qualitative resource have proven that there is no simple answer as to why some students thrive in low income neighborhoods, while the majority do not. Summaries:The first peer-reviewed qualitative article analyzed is one composed by Robin L. Jarrett. The author critically evaluates the relevance of the neighborhood resource theory, along with the collective socialization theory. Moreover, the question posed by Jarrett is “Why do impoverished neighborhoods impair the social mobility prospects of African American children?” (Robin L. Jarrett, 1997). The author uses a qualitative method of approach in order to carefully distinguish specific examples of parenthood as well as childhood that are affected by circumstance. Taking into consideration personal situation than an article of quantitative approach cannot properly depict. The author begins by explain the Neighborhood resource theory and compares it to that of the collective socialization theory. Then the author progressed into Family Protection Strategies as well as Child Monitoring strategies to attempt to explain how children of low-income neighborhoods were raised and why the were brought up against deviance. The author found that with strong parental strategies, parents such as Irene Mack, who developed ideals embedded into their children to stay focused on pushing for a better life. (Burton and Jarret 1991). Another important finding that Jarrett discovered was that although the lack of resources and social institutions within low-income neighborhoods, parents that are determined to maintain a healthy deviant-free lifestyle for their children, made the most out of institutions they could benefit from. The endnote for the article explained how a child’s future in a low-income neighborhood is not completely derived from that of circumstance, but also the effects parenthood and specific ideological norms that the mainstream supports.  The next article analyzed is Achievement Values and Anomie Among Women In A Low-Income Housing Project, written by Larry D. Barnett. Barnett begins by posing the question, “Why do achievement values and anomie level play a large role among women in low-income housing?” (Barnett 1970) In regard to the methods used, Barnett took a quantitative approach by surveying women in low-income housing projects based on their religious statements and deciphering whether there is infact a relation between achievement value and anomie. Barnett took to the “nine-statement scale” created by Rosen to explain achievement values that people see important. Moreover, Anomie level was analyzed through Sociologist Leo Srole, and his coined “Five-statement scale” (Barnett 1970). The five-statement scale was used to critically analyze the perception of society and its values, specifically for deviance from sociological norms. Both of these sociological scales were examined through surveys by Barnett. Major findings that were discovered by Barnett included the lack of relation between achievement values and anomie levels. Next, Barnett stated ” The data analysis indicated that religion was an antecedent condition for achievement values only, with Catholics characterized by higher achievement values than Protestants…” (Barnett 1970). This direct quote from the article directly reveals the various views that religion and religious persons have of what it means to achieve and what their perception of society is like. After applying both the achievement value nine-statement scale, and the anomie level five-statement scale, income did not in fact have any relevance to either. Discussion:Both articles took sociological theories to advance their findings. In the article by Jarrett, she used theories such as the neighborhood resource theory and the collective socialization theory to attempt to provide explanation to particular occurrences. This allowed for a strong sociological approach which answered her question very clearly. The second article by Barnett referred to theories such as the achievement value theory, as well as taking a critical look at anomie levels in sociology. Questions and methods for both articles were very different, this is largely due to the fact that Jarrett’s article was qualitative based, and Barnett’s article was largely quantitative based. Although both provide some reference to sociological theories, the African American Family and Parenting Strategies in Impoverished Neighborhoods article by Jarrett was more critical when considering various situations for different people, and taking these circumstances into consideration when deliberating. Findings were also very different because although both articles fell into the larger general topic of education in low income neighborhoods, both had different questions to answer. Additionally, I found both articles revealed that income was not the largest factor for deviance from social norms in low-income neighborhoods. This was very shocking to me as I initially assumed that income would play a large, if not the largest factor when comparing behaviour and lifestyle in poverty-stricken areas. Conclusion: I feel that both articles were extremely interesting and beneficial to the advancement of sociology and specifically ongoing sociological problems we face in today’s society. With that being said, I also found Jarrett’s article regarding African American families in low-income neighborhoods to be more interested solely based on the qualitative feel of the article. Barnett’s article did a good job relating to sociological theories, especially when comparing religious views to importance of certain ideals. I was also surprised to see Barnett’s findings of having no relation between achievement values and anomie levels was backed by statistics. Finally,