Stress affect people sleep. According to American Psychological Association

                                                                                                                       Stress and Sleep        In modern day society, people are suffering from stress.The western dictionary defines stress as an uncomfortable emotional experience characterized by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioral changes. The western dictionary also states that stress can harm people of all ages, genders, and can attend to both physical and psychological health effects. Thus, no one can escape from becoming affected by stress.       Stress can affect people sleep. According to American Psychological Association (APA)’s Stress in America survey (n.a), more than 40 percent of adults mention difficulty sleeping at night because of stress. Experts suggest going to bed at the same time each night. Furthermore, resting seven hours everyday benefits everyone. Individuals seeking to live a better life with less stress should reduce distractions such as television, cell phones, and computers from their bedroom to sleep better at night.       Making the necessary change to improve stress can be challenging. American Psychological Association (APA)’s Stress in America survey (n.a), found several Americans who experience stress in their life are not making the necessary lifestyle changes essential to decreasing stress. Developing the lifestyle and behavioral patterns and actions for promoting good health and avoiding stress critical in overcoming such challenges. The key to handling stress identifies change and behaviors that cause people to have a stressful life. However, changing a person behavior can be an enormous challenge for them.       According to American Psychological Association (APA)’s Stress in America survey (n.a), taking one small step to overcoming stress and increase emotional health by going on a daily walk, can have a positive result. Remaining active is a small but powerful change that can help alleviate stress. Physical activity increases body’s production of feeling good. Moreover, eating a healthy diet and becoming both the quantity and quality of your sleep may be advantageous.       Ogden’s (2017) study found the following: Four essential parts can reduce stress in people’s life: coping, social support, personality, and control. Researchers have reported a different kind of coping. Avoidance coping is a maladaptive coping mechanism categorized by the endeavor to avoid approaching a stressor. Coping attribute to behaviors that undertaking to guard against harm. Approach coping is confronting the problem, taking information about the difficulty and react to solves the problem. Some people show some part of coping or the other part. In contrast, by ignoring coping people is decreasing the importance of coping. However, experimenter realized that the performance of the coping relies on the nature of the stressor.       According to Ogden (2017), Social support helps people to deal with stress by giving individuals comfort, caring and esteem. Studies discover that social support has a connection with the health of people who give birth with complications, and people with heart disease, and people with the immune problem. Social support considered one of the essential elements that determinant the physical health and benefit for everyone. Social support can predict the deterioration physical and mental of the individual. The presence of the social support is significant for people. Social support figures out the element that can help people to overcome stress. Social support does not support only the health of individuals but prevents negatives symptoms such as depression, and anxiety from establishing. Social support and physical health work together by keeping people in good shape.       Ogden (2017), found that many researchers over the decade have shown that social support essentially concludes the end of physical and mental health for everyone. The third part of reducing stress in people is personality. Personality also makes mention of the pattern of thoughts, feelings, social adjustments, and behaviors advertised continuously over time. Personality also predicts human reactions to other people, problems, and stress. According to Gordon (1937), there are two primary ways to study character: the nomothetic and the idiographic. Nomothetic psychology follows general laws that can be practice to many different people, such as the principle of self-actualization. Idiographic psychology is an effort to understand the unique aspects of a circumstantial individual.         According to Gordon (1937), the study of personality has the diverse history of psychology with an enormous amount of theoretical traditions. The major theories involve dispositional perspective, psychodynamic, humanistic, biological, behaviorist, evolutionary, and social learning perspective. However, many researchers and analysts do not explicitly classify themselves with a specific view and preferably take a discriminating procedure. Investigation in this area is empirically driven, such as dimensional models, based on multivariate statistics, such as determinant analysis, or insistence theory development, such as that of the psychodynamic theory. There is also an abundant impressiveness on the applied field of personality examination. In psychological education and training, the study of the nature of personality and its emotional development customarily abstracted as an imperative to courses in abnormal psychology or clinical psychology.       According to Eun Hee Cho (2017) the side from the stress that follows illness, hospitalization is a stressful life experience that causes about changes in daily life. Consequently, patients often struggle psychological and social stress. People can get sick by staying in the hospital for a few day to recover from surgery. Humans feel several symptoms in stressful situations such as headaches, exhaustion, anger, sadness, helplessness, and crying.       According to the Western dictionary, Intensive care unit (ICU) is a specific department of a hospital or health administration facility that provides intensive treatment medicine. According to Eun Hee Cho (2017), most patients accepted to the intensive care unit (ICU) experience more severe symptoms. Those patients need more help and observation from doctors and nurses. People who fear of being an intensive care unit (ICU) patient, have the doubts of their future and think that they will be isolated from their family and friends, financial pressure, and exposure to a new environment result in severe emotional imbalances in patients.       According to Eun Hee Cho (2017) studies on intensive care unit (ICU) patients have examined the effects of aromatherapy on sleep in heart disease patients, high blood pressure, stress, and anxiety. However, these studies analyzed people who had experienced treatment for only one day.       According to Eun Hee Cho (2017), studies that examine stress and sleep quality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients for more than two days are requiring. Therefore, this study examined people who came from intensive care unit (ICU)  who experienced aromatherapy treatment for more than two days and verified that the stress has been alleviated and promoted sleep quality.       According to Eun Hee Cho (2017), in the intensive care unit (ICU) environment, most patients, experience stress because they are not familiar with the ICU and the treatment. The pressure of the inspection process, emotional, and behavioral stress depending on the character of medical team members. Relatives of intensive care unit (ICU) patients report high levels of anxiety, depression, and feelings of panic, confusion, and a need for continuous attention.        To conclude, stress can affect sleep and health. People have to have at least 8 hours of sleep. People do not be to get distractions when the time to go to bed came. People who change environment stress out easily because they are not familiar with the new environment. Everybody of all ages can be affected by stress. A simple change can produce stress to someone.