The need to reduce environmental pollution is critical at this time. Hence, there are increasingly more cars that seek to reduce the emission of toxic gases and oil consumption. This is the case of hybrid cars, models that tend towards sustainability and that represent the transition between the conventional vehicle and the electric innovator. They work from the combination of two engines: one that works with fuel – like those you know so far – and another that uses electricity. The purpose is to combine the advantages of both to achieve different objectives such as saving naphtha, increasing the power of your car, or providing additional strength for the use of the electrical system or electronic components. FunctioningIn this type of car, the electric motor works as a generator because, when you want to slow down or slow down, it converts the kinetic energy of the vehicle into electrical power to charge the batteries. If necessary, also, the generator also recharges them with the remaining energy of the gasoline engine. Thus, you will not have to worry about doing it, precisely because the system generates it automatically. The General Manager of Toyota Argentina, Eduardo Kronberg, explains that, for example, “if you are with the hybrid car stopped at a traffic light, as it has efficiency in the low regime, it starts in the electric motor. And when you have to get ahead, specifying more power, it works with double motorization. It is that before the complete stop or in descent, the energy that in a conventional vehicle is dissipated through the heat by the brakes, in the hybrid it is converted into electrical energy through the generators. All this energy balance, leads to optimize the use of fuel at a rate of 3.9 liters of naphtha every 100 kilometers in citizen use “, concludes the executive. In short: every time the electric motor is activated, you are saving fuel and, therefore, collaborating with the environment.Hybrid cars, then, are ideal for big cities because “you accelerate and brake a lot, which causes the battery to recharge and it is not necessary to consume so much naphtha,” explains Kronberg.Last generation technology The truth is that hybrid cars have advanced technology that generates multiple benefits.Among the most relevant innovations that are worth knowing, are those listed by Fuel Economy, the official website of the United States government that promotes energy saving:• Regenerative braking: recaptures the energy that is usually lost when braking or when you move in neutral. Use the forward movement of the wheels to activate the engine. This generates electricity and helps stop the vehicle.• Electric motor assistance: provides additional force to accelerate, overtake another car or climb an incline. In this way, a smaller motor is used more efficiently. In some hybrid vehicles, it is this which alone provides the energy when you go at low speed since the conventional (internal combustion) is less efficient. • Automatic on/off: it shuts off the engine when the vehicle stops and starts it when the accelerator is pressed. This prevents energy from being wasted when the car is on but still (at idle). The conventional modelWhile there is a regular hybrid car, whose internal combustion engine is the primary responsibility for its operation and the electric works as its complement; there is also the so-called Plug-in Electric Vehicle (or PHEV) that has high-capacity batteries that can be recharged with an electrical outlet or a charging station. Do not get confused that this is not the famous electric car (EV); It is still hybrid, but pluggable.Its main advantage is that it stores so much energy that it further reduces oil consumption. And although it is difficult to determine the level of savings that it promotes as it depends on different variables such as the use you give to the car, the model you have and what accessories you use, as a reference Fuel Economy indicates that consumption decreases by 30% and 60%, compared to a conventional car. If you also recharge it with electricity from a small-scale solar, wind or hydropower source, the savings are even more significant. Also, plug-in hybrid cars have different battery capacities, so some will allow you to go farther in electric mode than others. By the way, it lasts between 8 and 15 years.About us:Recharging the battery of plug-in hybrid vehicles can take between 30 minutes and up to eight hours, depending on the available system. However, precisely by having two kinds of engines, these cars can be fueled only. But if you did, you would not be consuming less oil or enjoying maximum autonomy.