The was 57,5% , then it decreased to 43.9%.

The GINI
index shows only few data concerning the change that occured in Kenya
concerning poverty , and from the information discovered, we can infer that the
following.

·        
In 1992 the percentage was 57,5% , then it
decreased to 43.9%.

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·        
In 1994, this drop was good for Kenya.

·        
The following 
years in 1997 specificallu it increased to 46.3%

·        
Reached 
48,5% in 2005 which is the last data available in worldbank.

Food
poverty was widespread in 2005/6, with over 16 million Kenyans unable to meet
the cost of buying the amount of calories sufficient to meet recommended daily
calorie requirements.

Source KIHBS

The map
above shows difference of poverty lines among Kenya, and this difference is due
to several reasons.There are different causes.

·        
Climatic and agro-ecological differences.

·        
Different levels of access to services
infrastructure/public services.

·        
Institutional factors.

Annual Real
GDP per Capita Growth, 1981 – 2006

Source : Economic survey  , cbs

The
acceleration of economic growth after 2003 is expected to have reduced poverty.
Unfortunately I was not able to find any Kenyan data available to confirm the
statement.

Post
independence story of Kenya; began with a big economic growth in the sixties
where it had an average of 2% per capital .In the seventies reached a 3 percent
level. But, in the eighties , the 
average growth decreased to less than half a percent .That caused a
shrank in the nineties for the Kenyan economy. To conclude what is observable
for the last 25 years is that; rates of growth have been at their best best
case scenario: uneven.

Corruption
is one the major causes that won’t allow poverty to reduce in Kenya. Hence, it
is one of the main aspects of governance that the KPIA looks at. The reason
that makes corruption have straightforward
connections with both poverty and inequality; is that it is the most public discussion.

As it’s
known, Budget is a major potential instrument to improve the pro-poor
orientation of public policy. Hence, trends in the sectoral allocation of the
budget over the period  99-2000 to
2006-2007 had to be be examined.

Real Trends in Sectoral Spending, 1999/2000 –
2006/7

·        
There was a significant increase in real
spending levels increased (in terms of increased revenue efforts to improve the
debt-financing). Total sectoral spending went from below fourteen to around
twenty percent of the gross domestic product. In economic terms that means ; the
budget more than doubled in real terms.

·        
Overall spending on priority sectors retained a
steady share at about 58 percent of the sectoral budget.

·        
 Allocations for infrastructure increased in a
short time relatively fast, yet,it redressed the asset depreciation of the nineties.

·        
Rising share of special devolved funds.

·        
Less welcome increased the fastest by four
times in public administration

There were
some policies aimed at reducing  poverty.
They are best known as “core poverty programs”. These programs were launched in
the early2000s , but sadly they did not achieve the expected success.One of the
reasons is that the criteria are not clearly specified and the rationale for
minimum spending targets is not obvious either.1

The
financing and provision of education is a major element of the Government’s
development and poverty reduction strategy.Thirty percent of the sectoral
spending is taken in by the Educational secotr. The distribution of government
spending on education is ongoing. From another perspective, the gender one , Kenya
has a good number of girls attending schools.

 

 

What I
believe can be done is :

One of the
key characteristics of third world countries is poor infrastructure and
political unrest.  Countries which
investing in infrastructure and security is most likely going to attract more
investment.  More investments leads to a
bigger number of job opportunities. Which finally leads to a decrease in
poverty.

Kenyan
government has lately signed agreements and partnerships that had an aim at developing
the its infrastructure. Most recent example is 
the construction of Outer Ring Road in the capital
city.

The government must be able to : restore and assure investors of their
security while trading in Kenya. This can be achieved via:

·        
sealing the borders from
terrorists.

·        
Addressing the various
corruption cases within the government.

To reduce poverty, first the country should have a good number of
capital labor, physical and financial resources in order to make a positive change.

Major
improvements are needed in fiscal management. At the moment, it’s not doable to
have a strong account of spending, by province.

1 http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAFRREGTOPGENDER/Resources/PAKENYA.pdf