What to well-reasoned scientific conclusions and solutions, testing them

What is scientific thinking and society?  Elder and Paul, (2014) defines a method of scientific thinking which is thinking about any science-based topic, content, or problems in which it would improve their grade of thinking by taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them. Scientific thinking is, in short, self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective. It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to developing scientific skills, abilities, and dispositions.  All sciences include some generic scientific thinking ability. For example, they test points of view, information and conclusion they have as they have to be clear to the purpose of issues. They tend to be relevant and precise and logical as they tend to think below the surface. These skills are applied to their writing and reading plus adding it to their listening and speaking as well as in personal professional life.  Criticalthinking (2012) states what a good educated scientific thinker includes. Firstly, takes the most important questions and problems that are science based and then accurately and clearly constructing them by gathering other information scientific data.  Using abstract ideas to interpret them effectively, and comes to well-reasoned scientific conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards. Thinks open-mindedly within convergent systems of scientific thought, recognising and assessing scientific assumptions, implications, and practical consequences; and communicates effectively with others in proposing solutions to complex scientific problems.   Scientific thinking and society:  Scientific thinking has formed a part of society for many centuries however it has not been well used because where scientific thinking caused Galileo Galilei to get arrested. Scientific thinking has had a fictional of corralling relationship with the society. Back in the days, the society never used scientific thinking and did not want anyone to question them.  Drake (1978, p. 1) states that Galileo Galilei who was an Italian educated was born on the 15 February 1564 according to Julian calendar. Galileo became a focal figure in the transition from natural philosophy to modern science and in the transformation of the scientific Renaissance into a scientific revolution. Hannam, James (2011) defines that Galileo had discovered heliocentrism and copernicanism and became a champion because of that.  However, he was taken to court as back in the days they thought it was wrong. Finocchiaro (1997) declares that he was arrested to stay in his own house as his views on the two-chief world system were against the pope. He however, wrote some new works while he was under house arrest. Kinematics and the strength of materials were two new sciences that he summarised in forty years as described by Carney, Jo Eldridge (2000) and Allan Olney (1870). Galileo discovered that the moon surface is uneven and not smooth and he had also discovered that the earth is a round planet orbiting the sun that is in the centre. This was a revolution in science. Pseudoscience: David White (2017) states that Pseudoscience is a term like science but it is reported something that is in science however, in the real life it is not related to real science and cannot be proved. Pseudoscience is not empirical evidence based and the evidence that has been collected has been created to help the existence of Bigfoot.  Typically, when a researcher uses a specific philosophy to direct research in light of essential principles and generally acknowledged hypothesis that enable their examination to be repeated, along with backing up their work. Misunderstanding and not verified principles of science is what Pseudoscience tends to be based on.  David White (2017) also differentiates between authorised science and pseudoscience may be real hard because one of the main points of pseudoscience is that looks a lot similar to actual science. An example of pseudoscience would be astrology, which is the belief that studying planets and star patterns have a powerful influence on future outcomes and human behaviour. Even though it does use scientific language and the study of astronomy is borrowed, however, the knowledge used is not really based on real knowledge of scientific matter, besides archaic beliefs are based on it. Study.com (2017) defines another example of pseudoscience is the advertisements on the television of numerous vitamins and supplements to treat diseases. They advertise of their products in a careful language of science, just to make their product show that it has been tested and verified although they have never been tested or approved.  Science Vs Intuition: Aurobindo, Sri (2014) states that intuition is when no proof, evidence or consious reasoning or understanding how the knowledge is acquired knowledge. There are philosophers who contend that the word “intuition” is often misunderstood or misused to mean instinct, truth, belief and meaning but rather realms of greater knowledge and other subjects, whereas others contend that faculties such as instinct, belief and intuition are factually related. Angelina Artemis (2014) defines how to recognise intuition and examples of it. Brain function and their corresponding experiences is intuition which is a widely used method that is generally why everyone has such difficulty recognizing it. Wikidiff (2017) states that the contrast between science and intuition is that science is countable particular discipline or offset of learning, mostly one dealing with measurable or system of rules principles rather than natural ability or science can be while intuition is immediate cognition without the use of conscious rational number processes. Knowledge of science is gained within the subject field or examinations which covers superior common truths of functioning of common rules i.e. as it is tested and acquired within the method science and with the physical world concerned.   Sciencemadesimple (2017) defines science as a way of discovering the universe and how those things study today, how they worked in the past, and how they are likely to work in the future. Scientists are inspired by the excitment of figuring out or seeing something that has not been seen before.